In this week’s reading, Shemini, aside from Aaron’s mysterious silence in the face of his sons’ immolation, we are drawn into the distinctions conveyed through our dietary laws. The laws of kashrut are commanded, identifying permissible and forbidden animals for consumption, including: (1) land animals only with a split hoof and that chew their cud; (2) fish with scales and fins; and (3) appropriately listed birds and insects.
As we read in Leviticus 11:1-2, the divine imperative for conscious consumption brings awareness that “you may eat out of all the domestic beasts that are on the earth.” This phrase “on the earth” appears seven times in this chapter (11:2, 21, 29, 41, 42, 44, 46) – why? It is a reminder taking us back to the sixth day of Creation, when the Earth was first covered with plants and mobile creatures, and the humans were blessed as stewards of “every animal that creeps on the earth.” (Genesis 1:28).
Finally, distinctions relating to ritual readiness are recounted, including the laws relating to the immersion pool known as the mikveh. All these rituals are based on the ancient wisdom of distinction(s); while they continue to evolve, they still have resonance today.
– Rabbi Aubrey Glazer
Artwork note: This week’s illustration is inspired by fire’s central and ambivalent role in Shemini. It goes “forth from before the Lord and consume[s] the burnt offering” (Leviticus 9:24) and also “forth from before the Lord and consume[s]…Nadav and Avihu” (Leviticus 10:2). It is difficult to read of the horrible fate of Aaron’s sons without considering the English name for the Shoah – “holocaust n 1. a burnt sacrifice: a sacrificial offering wholly consumed by fire 2. a complete or thorough sacrifice or destruction esp. by fire.” Illustration by Christopher Orev Reiger.